The TRIPS Agreement introduced intellectual property law into the multilateral trading system for the first time and remains the most comprehensive multilateral agreement on intellectual property to date. In 2001, developing countries, concerned that developed countries were insisting on too narrow an interpretation of TRIPS, launched a round table that resulted in the Doha Declaration. The Doha Declaration is a WTO declaration that clarifies the scope of the TRIPS Agreement and states, for example, that the TRIPS Agreement can and should be interpreted in terms of the objective of “promoting access to medicines for all”. A 2003 agreement relaxed the requirements of the single market and allowed developing countries to export to other countries where there is a national health problem, as long as the exported medicines are not part of a trade or industrial policy. [10] Medicines exported under such a regime may be repackaged or coloured to prevent them from affecting the markets of developed countries. The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the international organization that deals with the rules of trade between nations. Since February 2005, 148 countries have been members of the WTO. By joining the WTO, countries commit to respecting the 18 specific agreements annexed to the agreement establishing the WTO. You cannot choose to co-opt some agreements, but not others (with the exception of some “plurilateral” agreements that are not mandatory). After the Uruguay Round, GATT became the basis for the creation of the World Trade Organization.

Since ratification of the TRIPS Agreement is a mandatory condition for accession to the World Trade Organization, any country that wants to gain difficult access to the many international markets of the World Trade Organization must adopt the strict intellectual property laws prescribed by the TRIPS Agreement. That is why the TRIPS Agreement is the most important multilateral instrument for the globalization of intellectual property law. States such as Russia and China[5], which have very little chance of acceding to the Berne Convention, have found the prospect of WTO membership to be a strong temptation. The TRIPS Agreement is an agreement on minimum standards that allows Members to provide more comprehensive protection of intellectual property if they so wish. Members are free to determine the appropriate method for implementing the provisions of the Agreement in their own legal system and practice. Since the entry into force of travel, it has been criticized by developing countries, scientists and non-governmental organizations. While some of these criticisms are directed at the WTO in general, many proponents of trade liberalization also view the TRIPS Agreement as bad policy. The effects of concentrating the wealth of TRIPS (the movement of money from people in developing countries to copyright and patent holders in developed countries) and the imposition of artificial scarcity on citizens of countries that would otherwise have had weaker intellectual property laws are common ground for such criticism. .

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